Gaudette-Leblanc, A., Boucher, H., Pearson, J., Bédard-Bruyère, F., Bolduc, J., Tarabulsy, G. M. (2021). Participation in an early childhood music program and socioemotional development: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Music in Early Childhood, 6(2), 131-153. 


Music is increasingly recognized as having a social role, insofar as it is linked to emotional regulation and to early interactions in infancy and the preschool years. The goal of this meta-analysis was to examine the impact of participating in an early childhood music programme on indices of socioemotional development in children under 6 years of age. The overall result showed a moderate effect size (N = 681, k = 11, d = 0.57, p < 0.001). Moderation analyses revealed that the type of assessment (observational measure, reported measure or other types of assessment) significantly influenced effect size (Q′ = 25.26, p < 0.001). No other moderation analysis was significant. Although these findings are promising, suggesting that participation in an early childhood music programme contribute to children’s socioemotional development, more rigorous studies are needed to assess the impact of participating in a music programme on socioemotional development.



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